Advantage Energy: Emerging Economies, Developing Countries and Private-Public Sector Interface

 
Título:      Advantage Energy: Emerging Economies, Developing Countries and Private-Public Sector Interface
Categorías:      Medio Ambiente
ID:      31
Autores:      UN Global Compact , International Energy Agency
ISBN-10(13):      N/A
Editorial:      UN Global Compact
Fecha de publicación:      2011
Edición:      1
Número de páginas:      68
Idioma:      Inglés
Valoración:      0 
Portada:      cover
E-Book:      Clic aquí para descargar tu E-Book1.pdf
Descripción:     

Introduction

The term energy system, as used in this paper, refers to the totality of components that contribute to delivering energy services to end‐users. To a large degree, the system comprises technologies that generate, distribute and convert energy. Yet the technological aspects of all energy systems – global, regional, national or local – reflect underlying factors such as the resources available, the stage of economic development, the political priorities of governing bodies and the opportunities for the private sector to realise a reasonable rate of return on their investment in providing energy services.

In general, an energy system can be organised in the following manner:

  • Energy sources including fossil fuels, renewable energy and nuclear.
  • Distribution and conversion including pipelines and shipping, electricity transmission and distribution networks.
  • Energy uses such as transport, lighting, refrigeration, cooling, smelting and refining.

This paper chooses to examine the overall energy system using a typology that breaks it into three energy subsystems: heat, electricity and transport.4 Together, these three components accounted for 91% of global final energy consumption in 2008...

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