The term energy system, as used in this paper, refers to the totality of components that contribute to delivering energy services to end‐users. To a large degree, the system comprises technologies that generate, distribute and convert energy. Yet the technological aspects of all energy systems – global, regional, national or local – reflect underlying factors such as the resources available, the stage of economic development, the political priorities of governing bodies and the opportunities for the private sector to realise a reasonable rate of return on their investment in providing energy services.
In general, an energy system can be organised in the following manner:
This paper chooses to examine the overall energy system using a typology that breaks it into three energy subsystems: heat, electricity and transport.4 Together, these three components accounted for 91% of global final energy consumption in 2008...
|UN Global Compact , International Energy Agency
|UN Global Compact
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